Chapter quotes from Secrets of Ancient America


            I have always been fascinated with symbols, which, beginning in 1989, became an obsession in my study of ancient North American rock art. Yet, the more I studied, the more convinced I became that many of the petroglyphs and astronomical sites did not make sense if it was assumed that they were created by Native Americans alone, free from any outside influences, as established archaeology tells us. For some time now I have intended to write a chronicle of discovering a “New History” of America, as a record of what really happened, including the events lost or intentionally left out of the American creation myth that begins with “Columbus discovered America.” Thus, I began journaling, inspired by the ancient writers of old.

            In the decades that followed, I read many books, visited hundreds of known and newly discovered archaeological sites, investigated claims by previous researchers, and became educated on the subject by meeting and collaborating with other researchers. All this resulted in a level of understanding that compelled me to write about these places, the guides I encountered, and the true stories behind historical events that have developed into what is now known as the New History of America. That is, I came to the conclusion that before Columbus’s arrival this land had many, many visitors from the Old World. Phoenicians, Chinese, Celts, Africans, Indus Valley peoples, Hebrews, Romans, and others—I believe they were all here. Thus, the New History confronts the old historical paradigms, stories, and myths that, as I will demonstrate, were established to disguise an authentic past.

Chapter 1 Discovering a New History

I begin by noting that nobody, most notably this writer, can discover the New History by himself or herself. Before me there have been many notable and revealing people presenting the New History, emphasizing that Columbus did not discover America, our history books are false, and our identity as a nation is contrived.

Chapter 2 American History ABC

            Despite his pioneering epigraphic studies documenting a New History, Fell made mistakes.… But more than his occasionally poor scientific methods, his single biggest detriment, according to many of his colleagues, was his temperament. Reportedly, he rarely could take criticism without feeling attacked.

Once mistakes were revealed, Fell’s credibility suffered, and all his good work was thrown out. …. he became an easy prey for the archeopriests who were threatened by his overall thesis of a conspiracy by historians to ignore the evidence. Regrettably, it was not just Fell’s reputation that suffered; the entire field of investigation into Old World connections with the New World also became subject to ridicule. Fell’s work was to become the proverbial baby thrown out with the bathwater. Despite the voluminous body and the depth of his pioneering research, he was largely considered a fraud.

With the suppression of Fell’s work and the heretical treatment of modern diffusionist thinkers, the deceptions by archaeologists and the anthropologists continue. Despite this, to thousands of us, Fell had demonstrated there was a great lie, a deception perpetuated by the archaeological community to keep the true history of America a secret. I became determined to discover why this was so and how it was done.

Chapter 3 The Stars and The Stones

Fortunately, a relatively new area of awareness and study has developed out of all this discord. The science of archaeoastronomy now encompasses how the astronomical practices of the ancients (and sometimes the moderns) affected their mythologies, religions, worldviews, architecture, and other remains of their cultures. For this, archaeoastronomers rely on many scientific disciplines, including astronomy, archaeology, anthropology, philosophy, and epigraphy, to observe and interpret the meaning of astronomical alignments of monuments, large structures, and petroglyphs.5 This integrated field of study has been critical to revealing, often for the first time, the stories and cosmologies of the ancients.

Chapter 4 Celtic New England

I discovered that there were many hundreds of identified stone chambers in New England and that they are concentrated in regional locations. For example, there are 156 chambers in Putnam County, New York, alone and perhaps more to discover. Most seem to be located in nonproductive, nonagricultural land, and some are quite accessible, like the dozens built near the Taconic Parkway in New York and Connecticut. They were often built into hillsides, and the in-curved, stacked stone walls are capped by lintels, which are large, long stones mounted to support the openings and roofs.

During the next twenty years, I was to come across what were translated to me as Celtic dedications written to Bel that were carved in stones on many New World inscriptions. These included the lintel stones of chambers at Mystery Hill in New Hampshire, near South Woodstock, Vermont, and in Colorado (as told in chapter 7), Oklahoma (chapter 8), and Kansas (chapter 9).

Chapter 5 They Settled in Meso America

The concept of Father Sun being reborn at the end of the age is very similar to the events in Maya Creation mythology (the Popol Vuh) in which First Father/One Hunahpú is reborn in the underworld ballcourt. The ballgame metaphor, too, encodes the alignment. If we look at accepted notions of ballgame symbolism, we learn that it is basically about the rebirth of the sun on the temporal levels of day, year, and World Age. The sun is reborn daily at dawn, yearly at the December solstice, and, in terms of World Ages, on December 21, 2012—when the December solstice sun aligns with the Galactic Plane, which is the precession cycle’s “finish line.” The dark-rift that lies along this plane is the “goal” toward which the December solstice sun, as the gameball, moves over many millennia. In this way, the Maya conceived of the gameball going into the goal-ring as a replication of cosmic time’s end-game.

Chapter 6 The Pathfinder

From where we had parked the vehicles, I followed Bill Tiley up a cattle path and climbed the steep hill toward the capstone. The last 100 yards to the top was steep and left me winded. As we approached the boulders near the top, I could begin to see the large petroglyphs on a significant flat stretch of land facing southeast, where a vertical rock among the adjoining boulders had created a cave-like enclosure.

Upon approaching the large rock art panel my eyes were drawn to a three foot high, heavily pecked howling dog petroglyph. I called out his name, “Eight-Dog!”, after seeing the eight prominent dots on his body. I then began to study some of the other images, which totaled many dozens…. I found subtleties and forms that I didn’t readily understand, but over the next several years, by taking the time to draw them, the images and the stories they told became clearer.

Chapter 7 Equinox Sunrise: Celtic Sun Deities in Colorado

… I traveled regularly to southeastern Colorado to explore rock art sites and to visit the aging Bill McGlone. Each trip was punctuated with time spent looking at rock art that included archaic Native American petroglyphs, archaeoastronomical sites, and, most important, American rock art bearing Old World Ogham scripts.

On the long drives of these expeditions I was able to engage Bill in conversations to explain how the archeopriests had been so thoroughly successful at corrupting the history of America. McGlone had much to say on the subject as he had dedicated the later part of his life to methodically researching and deciphering the scripts left in rock engravings by ancient travelers. He believed that the empirical, scientific evidence proved that the Celts were in southeastern Colorado and throughout America thousands of years ago. The ancient Celts were not limited to Ireland or the British Isles, as one might presume, but lived on the European continent in Spain and France and some of these Celts were seafaring.

McGlone pointed out the three sets of inscriptions inside Crack Cave, and what he called the Oghamlines were distinct and deliberately inscribed on the smooth, fragile sandstone. Characteristic of Celtic Ogham, the inscriptions had individual horizontal stem lines that served as a guide for positioning the vertical letters. McGlone warned me to be very careful around the finely pecked glyphs, noting that they could be damaged by just rubbing up against them.

Chapter 8 Old World Cosmologies at Anubis Caves

I would come to discover that the Anubis Caves are one of the most significant examples of Old World contact in America before Columbus. It was fortunate indeed to have McGlone and Leonard as mentors and guides. The two were the world’s experts on the remote and little known, much less understood, archaeological treasure that is on private property and off-limits to the public. Each had thoroughly researched and documented the major calendrical alignments and their relationship to Old World cultures. Through their research and first-hand teachings and observations, I was able to begin to grasp in a few short years what it had taken McGlone and Leonard decades to unravel.

Our small group arrived at the series of sandstone caves after a brief walk from our parked cars in a nearby field of corn. As I neared and began to make out markings on the wall, I was struck by how quiet it was at this remote location, contributing to a sense of awe and reverence. After years of persistence, I had finally been invited to accompany McGlone to what he claimed was one of the most significant pieces of evidence of Old World travelers in America.

Chapter 9 More Celtic America

Local ranchers knew of the Sun Temple petroglyphs for many years before McGlone and Leonard arrived in 1984. In addition to what was instantly recognized as an ancient Celtic alphabet, the modern explorers also found the engraved profile of a human head, featureless except for an upturned, button nose. Some forty feet away, an isolated, east-facing 14-inch (35.5 centimeter) diameter circle was found inscribed at the back of the amphitheater-like cove. It was then that McGlone and Leonard decided to name the place the Sun Temple…….The Sun Temple’s wind-sculpted sandstone features are called hoodoos. Amidst them, the Sun Temple alignment coincides with, Beltane (May Festival) and Lughnasa (August Festival), two of the four Celtic cross-quarter days.

 …….The final expedition of our trip was to witness the equinox sunset at a remote cave … in the middle of the state. Due to high water, we had to energetically hike several miles up and over a swampy and bush-covered hill to find the rock shelter to observe what Keith described as an equinox sunset alignment. It proved to be more than the “little hike” we had anticipated, but we found the location in time to prepare for the equinox sunset. Neither our companions nor anyone else had visited it in a long time and overgrowth now created shadows on the cave entrance. With some effort, we trimmed trees to the west to allow the sunlight into the cave at sunset.

 Chapter 10 Westward to a Dwelling Place of a Great Spirit–Mojave North

After a few years of studying Mojave North under the tutelage of Rod Schmidt, I had become one of the few people seriously investigating that virtually unknown-to-the-rest-of-the-world site. But it was no longer merely an archaeoastronomical location for me—it had become a sacred, living, breathing temple with a story to uncover and to reveal. Yes, it was damaged and desecrated but at least some of the essences of its creation remained and I thought I may have discovered a new trace of one of them.

It was the Spring equinox of 2007. In the late afternoon I was hiking above the small, wind-swept site, looking at petroglyphs but ever mindful of how side-lighting by the sun on the rock surfaces could reveal hidden images at this special time of the year. I had been trained to do this by Bill McGlone and perhaps it was time for the weathered peckings to tell an ancient story.

Chapter 11 Mojave North II—Did They Come Across the Pacific?

The broad view of some of the complexities of discerning the origins, meanings and mysteries of the Mojave North art and epigraphy have been presented in manner in which I came upon them. Now it is time to discuss one more aspect of Mojave North that I found that could unite the site with other civilizations from over the seas. While many hundreds of solar alignments have been identified throughout the world, less research has been directed at lunar phenomena. After discerning the solar aspects of the “Lugh” panel, by phone, Dorian (Teddei) and I discussed the possibility of lunar alignments and so, once again with his urging, I decided to coordinate my next journey to the site with a full moon. But this was not just any full moon….While some may think it was just luck that we were onsite for the amazing lunar and cross-quarter day alignments, Dorian demonstrated that understanding what the Ancients were tracking, including the cross-quarter days, proved to be a key to unlocking the secrets of the petroglyphs and was useful for predicting when to be at the site. To date at least thirteen archaeoastronomical alignments at Mojave North have been documented, including four heliolithic animations.

Chapter 12 Features of the Great Basin “Melting Pot”

In the Bishop area, I was fortunate to be at the Red Rock site near the Spring equinox of 2007 …..There, I stood, gazing at one of the largest petroglyphic images of a man. He stood four feet tall with outstretched arms, analogous to Leonardo de Vinci’s famous image of the Divine Man. It was noontime and a serendipitous day to be standing in front of this particular rock art panel. With a rush of jubilation I observed the Triangle of Light resting on his outstretched arms, with the apex of light encasing his head.

 Days before the equinox, around noon, a noticeable “triangle of light” forms on the outstretched hands of the four-foot man. The direct sun strikes the image creating a triangle with the two outstretched hands defining the base. The three corners of the triangle are the top of his head and his two outstretched hands. Six spread-out fingers on his left hand count the days to the equinox. Like the Pathfinder in Colorado (Chapter 6), the Red Rock alignment portrays the male and female principles in a noontime equinox heliolithic alignment.

Chapter 13 Midwest Relics, Mounds and Controversy

Deciphering a New History of America has to circumvent the frauds that proliferated between 1850 and 1920, often referred to as a “Golden Age” of archaeological hoaxes. Most if not all of the Michigan Relics seem to fall into this category. Regarding the Davenport stone that Barry Fell translated as a Rosetta Stone with three Old World languages (Chapter 2) there’s enough doubt raised by detractors and questionable circumstances that have come to light to discount this as “evidence” of Old World contact as well.As my mentor William McGlone emphasized in Ancient American Inscriptions, a scientific method must to be used in evaluating authenticity and intentionality of Old World artifacts, and the vast body of Midwestern relics do not pass the authenticity. As a result, the many hoaxes have continued to serve as a disincentive for professional archaeologists to seriously consider other evidence of Old World cultures in the Americas that is less vulnerable to trickery including rock art and inscriptions.

If there are legitimate Old World relics, tablets and artifacts retrieved from Midwestern mounds, it was not possible for me corroborate them…… Unlike the Old World petroglyphs carved in Colorado, Oklahoma and other areas (Chapter 9) that would be nearly impossible to fake, most of the known “relics” I investigated or examined could not be considered as proof as I had originally imagined.

Chapter 14  Hebrews, Romans, and Early Christians

While archaeologists continue to believe that “legitimate artifacts” are missing from the area’s historical record, southeast of Hidden Mountain in Arizona the archeological evidence is more solid. Near Tucson, about five hundred miles from Hidden Mountain, thirty-one artifacts possibly more than a thousand years old and apparently from a Roman Jewish colony were discovered during the 1920s. If genuine, they indicated the existence of a colony or at least a group of travelers in what they called “Calalus”, which was referred to as “an unknown land”. Records written in mostly in Latin accompanied by Hebrew lettering were found on large lead crosses with dates from 765 A.D. to 900 A.D.—these artifacts are now stored in the Arizona Historical Society Museum in Tucson, Arizona.

Chapter 15 More To Learn

While my own personal encounters serve as proof to myself, collectively the hundreds of incidents found in historical records and the evidence presented by many researchers, writers and archaeologists provide evidence that the Old History is a gross misrepresentation of the facts, even an intentional lie….

Soon, in the near future, I think it will seem bizarre that Americans believed Columbus discovered America, that they celebrated Columbus Day, and that the “Age of Exploration” began in the late 1400s. The case for pre-Columbus voyages by Asians, Indians, Arabs, Africans, Mediterranean cultures and European Celts among many others is so overwhelming that any rational and objective thinker has only to examine the multitude of overwhelming direct and indirect evidences to be convinced. For those who are not so convinced, there is still more than enough indications that further investigations should go on. 

(In other words,) the greatest remaining questions are not who discovered America and when, but why does the lie about our history continue and what is being covered up?

 Chapter 16 The Legacy of the Conquest

Beginning even before the broken promise to the Incan King Atahuallpa, that he would be released once the gold ransom was paid, and moving through centuries of the United States government’s broken treaties with North American native tribes, to more recent invasions of indigenous lands in Central and South American countries by oil, fruit, and other companies operating with impunity, the conquest lives on, all around us, and the Christian/conquistador ideology remains in place long after Columbus, Cortés, and Pizarro are gone. It is seen in the modern colonization of Third World nations for resources and cheap labor, the continued domination and destruction of the last vestiges of native cultures in remote regions of the globe, and the relentless destruction of the environment to acquire (or should we stay, steal) the wealth of the planet for the benefit of the few.. In short, the conquest is still living among us.

Chapter 17 Awakening a New History

I think that for each of us there is a greater story to discover, a greater connection to the past to realize, and a greater vision of humanity to embrace. In attempting to present a New History, I have sought to peel away the layers of lost connections to a disenfranchised and misunderstood past in a quest for understanding the shared present.

 .... in the US, there have been multiple examples of fraudulent history, which suggests a continuity of deceptions, just as I discovered was the case with the Columbus mythology. I have also come to witness a plethora of examples of altered or fraudulent material that has found its way into high school and college history textbooks…. How long will these deceits, along with the Columbus myth continue?

From the evidence I’ve presented and documented by others, the history of America should now include the numerous examples of Indo-European, Asian, Celtic and other travelers to the New World before Columbus.